Undergraduate Students’ Use of Communication Strategies: A Case Study of Thall University, Bhakkar


  • Iqra Bashir MPhil, English Department, Qurtuba University of Science and Information Technology, Dera Ismail Khan, KP, Pakistan
  • Dr. Abdus Samad Associate Professor, Department of English, Kohsar University Murree, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Hassan Alamgeer Visiting Lecturer, Department of English Kohsar University Murree, Punjab, Pakistan




Communication Strategies (CSs), Communication, ESL, Thall University


undergraduate English students of Thall University, Bhakkar. The study employed mixed-method approach by employing both quantitative and qualitative methods to collect data. A questionnaire was administered to 100 undergraduate students who were randomly selected from English Department. Subsequently, an interview type communicative activity was carried out with the participants. The data were analysed following the taxonomy of Celce-Murcia, Dornyei, and Thurrell (1950). The findings indicated that the students use four principal and ten sub-types of communicative strategies while communicating in English. The major strategies Include avoidance, achievement, stalling/time-gaining, and interactional. Certain other sub strategies include such as code switching, topic avoidance, message abandonment, using fillers, gambits, and hesitation devices. The study offered certain recommendations for further studies and also presented pedagogical implications.





    Abstract Views: 50
    PDF Downloads: 39

How to Cite

Bashir, I., Samad, A., & Alamgeer, H. (2024). Undergraduate Students’ Use of Communication Strategies: A Case Study of Thall University, Bhakkar. Annals of Human and Social Sciences, 5(1), 470–481. https://doi.org/10.35484/ahss.2024(5-I)42