Cyber Terrorism and Cyber Security after 9/11: Case Study of Women in Pakistan


  • Saqib Khan Warraich Assistant Professor, Department of political science, Government College University Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Abeera Haider Lecturer, Political Science, Government Queen Mary Graduate College Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
  • Dr. Umair Ahmed Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, Government College University Lahore, Punjab Pakistan



Cyber Security, Cyber Terrorism, Online Radicalization, Pakistan, Women


The use of technologies for communication and information has made lives more interconnected today. Pakistan is progressing in the domain of technological innovations as well. The security of borders and space becomes an ongoing concern for Pakistani authorities, especially after 9/11. The goal of a comprehensive national security policy is lacking because Pakistan is ignoring the existential threat posed by cyberterrorism. Terrorists are gaining ground and jeopardizing numerous aspects of Pakistan's national security because of its poor cyber security. They are primarily looking out women to help in dissemination their ideologies. The study explores how terrorists, in particular, are radicalizing women through digital channels. Its primary emphasis is on how ISIS, BLA, and TTP operate online. The theory of social learning is applied. The study relies on a qualitative approach. Interviews are also conducted for data collection. Secondary sources, such as documents, newspapers, books, articles, and case studies are also analyzed. The study emphasizes on the women empowerment, awareness and education as well as the economic indepence of women.





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How to Cite

Warraich, S. K., Haider, A., & Ahmed, U. (2024). Cyber Terrorism and Cyber Security after 9/11: Case Study of Women in Pakistan. Annals of Human and Social Sciences, 5(2), 30–37.