Racism in the United States in the 21st Century: An analysis of the South Asian community


  • Asad Raza Talpur Lecturer, Institute of Business Administration (IBA) Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Tahir Khan Lecturer, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences FAST Karachi Campus, Sindh, Pakistan
  • Jalil Ahmed Assistant Professor, Mehran University, SZAB, Campus Khairpur, Sindh, Pakistan




America, Black people, Racism, South Asian


This study aims to discuss the hate crimes and instances of racism against the Sikh and Muslim communities from South Asia in America after the post-9/11 period and the strategies that the South Asian community has adopted to fight back the Racism in America against them. The history of racism in America was established with the advent of enslaved Black people from Africa in the 18th century. In the 1960s, Black Africans launched the civil rights movement to reclaim their civil rights and they won. But racism was not eliminated from America against them. The immigration act of 1960 paved the way for the immigration of different communities in America. The South Asian community also grew because of this act. The earliest immigrants came from India in 1960s, immigrants from Pakistan in 1980 and, in 2000 the immigrants from Bangladesh. This study includes Desk Research and the secondary sources. It is argued in this research that the incident of 9/11 has increased racial discrimination among the South Asia diaspora in America, due to which they are being subjected to hate crimes. It is the need of time to counter such incidents in USA if it is further promoted the negative image of USA will increase in Asian specially the Muslim countries.





    Abstract Views: 153
    PDF Downloads: 154

How to Cite

Talpur, A. R., Khan, T., & Ahmed, J. (2023). Racism in the United States in the 21st Century: An analysis of the South Asian community. Annals of Human and Social Sciences, 4(2), 84–100. https://doi.org/10.35484/ahss.2023(4-II)09